The Contribution of the Captive Breeding in the Mexican Grey Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) and Red Wolf (Canis rufus)
Biodiversity and Conservation, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK, LS2 9JT
International Journal of Molecular Ecology and Conservation, 2011, Vol. 1, No. 1
Received: 14 Nov., 2011 Accepted: 17 Nov., 2011 Published: 29 Nov., 2011
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The availability of captive breeding makes a big contribution to wildlife conservation. The zoos become a useful and scientific place for animal protection and conservation research. Moreover, some technologies, such as noninvasive endocrine monitoring, artificial insemination (AI) and semen cryopreservation are widely implemented during the captive breeding. Reintroduction programs have been established with effective managements and monitoring to ensure the wildlife survival rate, genetic purity and original biological traits. The Mexican grey wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) and Red Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) are two successful examples of captive breeding in order to keep genetic diversity. This article has summarized these technologies which play an important role in Mexican grey wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) and Red Wolf (Canis rufus) conservation and may be influential in other species captive breeding.
Captive breeding; Canis lupus baileyi; Canis rufus
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